Administratively, Limnos belongs to the district of Lesvos. it has an area of 477 square kilometers and is situated in the South Thracian sea between Chalkidiki and the Turkish coast. It boasts a pleasantly dry climate, a lot of greenery, and sandy beaches. The chief town of the island is Myrina or Castro.
Another interesting little town is Mudros with its large port and important commercial activity. Four superimposed prehistoric settlements have been discovered at the site of ancient Droscopos on the east coast. Remarkable are also the remains of the two famous ancient cities Hephaestia and Kabeirion.
Lesvos also called Mytilini, is the third largest Greek island after Crete and Euboea. The island is covered with olive groves, orchards, and pine forests. In ancient times Lesvos enjoyed a golden age of cultural greatness. Many of Its sons and daughters were worthy rivals of the literary giants of the other cities of Greece. Even a summary of their works would take up too much space and time. Therefore, we shall mention only Alcaios, Arion, Terpandros, Erinna, and the renowned Sappho.
A trip along the lovely coast and to the picturesque hamlets Is fantastic. Among the seaside resorts, where one can find coolness and peace during the hot summer months are Vigla, Makris Yalos, Tsamakia with their big pine wood. The hot mineral springs of Lesvos are renowned. They combine the healing properties of the waters with matchless natural surroundings. Methimna, Plomari, and Ayiassos are the prettiest little towns in Lesvos.
The island’s chief town, Mytilini, is a brisk place with food prospects, and great literary tradition. Exhibitions are held regularly showing works by local dance troupes. A well-stocked archaeological museum houses the finds of excavations in the island, and the local picture gallery contains some of the works of the famous folk artist Theophilos.
Samos is the birthplace of the great philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras is a place where the ancient intellect and culture shone brightly. The island knew the height of its greatness under its ruler Polycrates.
The chief town of the island is Samos, formerly Vathy. It has an interesting archaeological museum with finds from the excavations of the Heraion ( Goddess Hera’s Temple ) and the ancient city of Samos. The towns Pythagorion and Carlovassi ( the second town of importance ) are worth visiting. The island has also many seaside and mountainous fascinating villages. Unique in Greece is the paleontological museum of the village Mytilini.