Kythira can be reached from Pireaus, Gythion, or Monemvasia. It is one of the seven Ionian islands, the Eptanissa, but geographically it belongs to the Peloponnese since it lies south of the Laconic Gulf.

This mythical island of Aphrodite was a Minoan and then a Phoenician colony before belonging to the Lacedaemonians, in the Middle Ages it was a pirate base and then a Venetian colony. The Venetian style can still be seen with the castles and many of the houses.

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