Salamina ( ancient Salamis ) lies nearest to the coast of Attica and can be reached by the motor launch in about 20 minutes from Piraeus. The narrow strait which separates the island from the mainland marks the site of the celebrated Battle of Salamis ( 480 B.C. ) when the combined Greek fleets defeated the Persians at sea.
The island has many beaches, but motorboats can be hired for a leisurely cruise around Salamina, stopping here and there for a swim and a meal of shellfish, for which this largest of the Saronic islands is famous.
Aegina is scenically attractive, with lush vineyards, pistachio groves, and pinewoods. Historically, it has been an important island from ancient times. Its town for a few months was the first capital of modern Greece following the Greek Revolution of 1821.
Poros is green and wooded and lies very close to the Peloponnese side, with acre upon acre of lemon trees whose aroma fills the air for miles around. Of sightseeing interest on Poros itself are the Monastery of Panaghia and the ruins of Poseidon’s Temple, besides the several lovely beaches and shaded woodlands.
Hydra hardly needs any introduction. Long and rocky, it is a favorite with artists and the younger people. The island is distinctive for its architecture, ruggedness, and incomparable colors.
Spetses is the last of the islands in the Saronic Gulf.
Small and thickly wooded, it also boasts several fine beaches and rocky covers. It is a popular summer resort, teeming with social activity in the summer months.